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Sex ratio in India improving Survey





(The News Bureau)

The sex ratio at birth – number of females per 1,000 males – improved in India from 914 to 919 over the last decade, while the infant mortality rate (IMR) also declined, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 for 2015-16.

justify;”>The sex ratio at birth improved from 914 to 919 at the national level over the last decade with the highest in Kerala (1,047), followed by Meghalaya (1,009) and Chhattisgarh (977). Haryana also witnessed a significant increase from 762 to 836, the survey said.

Further, IMR declined from 57 to 41 per 1,000 live births between NFHS-3 (2005-06) and NFHS-4. IMR has declined substantially in almost all the states during the last decade. It dropped by more than 20 percentage points in Tripura, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Odisha.

IMR substantially declined over the period from 79 per 1,000 live births in NFHS-1 (1992-93) to 41 per 1,000 live births in NFHS-4, Health secretary CK Mishra said.

According to the Health Ministry, the results of the survey reflected that concerted efforts and focussed interventions in the sector could translate to im

mproved outcomes.

Similarly, institutional births dramatically increased by 40 percentage points from 38.7 per cent in NFHS-3 to 78.9 per cent in NFHS-4.

There was an increase of 34.1 per cent institutional births in public facility, while the Empowered Action Group (EAG) in Assam experienced more than a 40 percentage point increase, the survey said.

The survey was conducted after collecting information from 6 lakh households, 7 lakh women and 1.3 lakh men, and for the first time provide district level estimates. Targeted approach through Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) has paid off, Mishra said.

The Ministry said the proportion of women who received at least 4 antenatal care visits for their last birth has increased by 14 percentage points from 37 per cent to 51.2 per cent over the decade (2005-15), while there has been a substantial increase of 20 or more percentage points in seven states.





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